District is endowed with a long coastal line of 169 km in 12 coastal mandals. There are existing of 118 coastal fishermen villages with 35,854 Sea going fishermen on motorized and traditional boats. 85 Fishing landing centers with motorized 4535 and 4322 traditional boats.
There are 7 Reservoirs and 1756 tanks with water spread area of 1.8 lakhs of hect, besides that aquaculture is going on in12,731hect of area for fish production.Fish production in Nellore district achieved 44,552 tones as on 31.05.2019 for current year, out of Annual target of 5,00,184 tones fixed by the Commissioner of Fisheries, A.P, Vijayawada.There are 3 Govt. Fish Seed Farm existing in Kavali, Padugupadu and Somasila. For welfare of fishermen, department organized 57 marine,118 Inland (SC-26,ST-53 and others 30 ) and 92 Women fishermen Cooperative societies (Total 118) with 37,708 members.
An extent of 12,731.34 hect in under aquaculture, which include 9609.25 hect. of brackish water area and 3122.09 hect. of fresh water area.To promote sustainable aquaculture in the district, organized aquazonation in aquaculture area with 12,731 hect. of existing and 9279 hect. of potential area of aquaculture .