The Udayagiri fort was constructed by Langula Gajapati, the chieftan to Gajapatis of Orissa, around 14th century. Later, it came under the rule of Krishnadevaraya of Vijayanagara. The fort was inaccessible on most sides and could only be penetrated by a jungle route. Therefore, it took months for Krishnadevaraya to siege the fort. After Vijayanagara Empire, it came under the rule of Golconda chieftans. It then came under the rule of Nawabs of Arcot.
The hills boast of natural beauty as it is covered with lush vegetation and has beautiful waterfalls. Many flora of medicinal value are found here. Therefore, it is called Sanjeeva hills by many. The ruined fort is attracts thousands of tourists every year. The many structures of religious importance present on the hills add to the beauty of the place.
Venkatagiri fort was constructed in the year 1775 AD. The majestic fort was originally known as Kalimilli and was ruled by Gobburi Polygars under Vijaynagar Empire who were defeated by Recherla Venkatadri Naidu. This place lasted as a Zamindari till independence. The many temples present here include Kashi Vishwanth Temple, Ramalingeswra Swami Temple, Prasanna Venkateswara Swami Temple among others that add to the value of the place.Today, the place is popular with the tourists not only for their interest in culture and history of the place but for eco tourism. This is why the fort is now a famous trekking and camping destination.
The Pinakini Satyagraha Ashramam located in Indukurpet is a living memory of Mahatma Gandhi’s association with Nellore. It was established on the bank of river Penna and has made a significant contribution to the National Freedom Struggle led by Gandhiji. The Ashramam, known as Pallipadu Gandhi Ashramam, is one of its kind in Andhra Pradesh and stands second only to Gandhiji’s Ashramam at Sabarmathi at the National Level. The Ashramam was inaugurated on 7-feb-1921 by Gandhiji himself.
The history of the Venkatgiri sari dates back to the early 1700s which were encouraged by the Velugoti dynasty of Nellore and also by the Bobbili and Pithapuram dynasties. In those days, they were mostly weaved for royal women. Now, the village has become a famous name for history and handlooms. These sarees weaved in Jamdari technique are also registered as one of the geographical indication from Andhra Pradesh, another reason why one must not miss out on them.